For somebody who has not experienced agriculture in real life, the mere mention of the word takes him back to the school days. At some point during our school life, we all had to write some pretty long essays on agriculture and farming. And if you grew up in India, you somehow always had a picture in mind of two oxen driven by a puny farmer on a hot summer afternoon! However, agriculture in India has come a long way since the time, when oxen were used to plow the fields. Not just the importance but also the technique of doing agriculture has evolved and is multi-fold. Mentioned below are some numbers to crunch in case your mind is going haywire.
Agriculture employs about 60% of the total workforce globally, according to the 2020 survey. In India, the situation is magnified with 78% of the rural households, depending on agriculture as their principal means of livelihood and in 2026, agriculture contributed around 17.32% of the total GDP. Even apart from the economical standpoint, the importance of agriculture can be seen from a humanitarian standpoint and on the risk of sounding philosophical, a spiritual standpoint as well. It stands for a lot of things depending on your vantage point. It means assets of a company, ecosystem for the environment and food for the hungry. Long story short, agriculture is indispensable, hence, it has gone smart and has become IoT enabled. The hi-tech methods of agriculture and farming use sensors for various agriculture-related activities involved in the process of growing food
Wondering how do IoT and agriculture go hand in hand? Well, IoT can affect the scene of agriculture in three ways:
By increasing the productivity per acre of the field: Smarter irrigation techniques have been developed to control temperature, humidity, and other factors using sensors networked wirelessly. This kind of control in irrigation can obviate the harshness of unpredictable weather, and result in better quality and a larger quantity of produce. Did you know that a significant portion of all products in the world, particularly in developing countries, spoils before it ever gets to market? One way to tackle this is to track the product temperature at the point of harvest, right down to the local flash cooling facilities. In order to do so, mobile or fixed cooling facilities using sensors and wireless connectivity can be utilized. Hence, IoT increases the shelf life of the produce by improving the cold chain management.
By solving the pest issue: As the organic movement is gaining momentum, the focus has shifted to finding effective and relatively inexpensive alternatives to pesticides. Wireless sensor networks can monitor pest counts. When the count is too high, the metered chemical delivery system automatically activates and disrupts the mating patterns of pests. Another method is to keep the growth of fungi and other biological contaminants under check by properly managing the humidity, heat, and moisture. Hence, the use of pesticides is not abused.
By conserving water, the most important component of agriculture: With constant monitoring of moisture content in the soil, it will let you know when it is low and will activate the irrigation system till the moisture reaches appropriate levels. This combined with weather forecasting, rather than irrigating the land, it will let the rain do the job. Adding to that, it's always a motivation for organic farming!
Can Nebulae too come in handy as far as agriculture is concerned?
Yes, of course! All three ways discussed, i.e. climate-condition, pesticide, temperature management and moisture in the soil, can be achieved using Nebulae with wireless sensor networks. It provides the right framework for building and getting the maximum productivity.
For more information on this, please visit our website http://www.nebulae.io/. Allow us to assist you in your project with the Internet of Things!